Emmanuel Chabrier (composer)

~ Person


Alexis-Emmanuel Chabrier (French: [ɛmanɥɛl ʃabʁie]; 18 January 1841 – 13 September 1894) was a French Romantic composer and pianist. His bourgeois family did not approve of a musical career for him, and he studied law in Paris and then worked as a civil servant until the age of thirty-nine while immersing himself in the modernist artistic life of the French capital and composing in his spare time. From 1880 until his final illness he was a full-time composer.

Although known primarily for two of his orchestral works, España and Joyeuse marche, Chabrier left a corpus of operas (including L'étoile), songs, and piano music, but no symphonies, concertos, quartets, sonatas, or religious or liturgical music. His lack of academic training left him free to create his own musical language, unaffected by established rules, and he was regarded by many later composers as an important innovator and a catalyst who paved the way for French modernism. He was admired by, and influenced, composers as diverse as Debussy, Ravel, Richard Strauss, Satie, Stravinsky, and the group of composers known as Les six. Writing at a time when French musicians were generally proponents or opponents of the music of Wagner, Chabrier steered a middle course, sometimes incorporating Wagnerian traits into his music and at other times avoiding them.

Chabrier was associated with some of the leading writers and painters of his time. Among his closest friends was the painter Édouard Manet, and Chabrier collected Impressionist paintings long before they became fashionable. A number of such paintings from his personal collection by artists known to him are now housed in some of the world's leading art museums. He penned a large number of letters to friends and colleagues which offer an insight into his musical opinions and character.

Chabrier died in Paris at the age of fifty-three from a neurological disease, probably caused by syphilis.

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1961Ansermet FavouritesSaint‐Saëns, Chabrier, Ravel; Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Ernest Ansermet1
1961España / Danse Slave / Fête Polonaise / Suite Pastorale / Gwendoline OvertureChabrier; Detroit Symphony, Paul Paray4
1964Bolero / Sorcerer's Apprentice and Works by Falla and ChabrierManuel de Falla & Emmanuel Chabrier1
1974French Piano MusicDebussy, Satie, Saint-Saëns, Chabrier; Cécile Ousset1
1978Debussy: Ibéria / Petite suite / Chabrier: España / Ravel: Daphins et Chloé suite no. 1Debussy, Chabrier, Ravel; György Lehel, Budapest Symphony Orchestra1
1985Satie: Socrate / Various: French Song CyclesSatie, Menasce, Chabrier, Honegger, Roussel, Poulenc; Hugues Cuénod, Geoffrey Parsons1
1987Joyeuse marche / España / Suite pastorale / Danse slave / Fête polonaise / Prélude pastoral / Bourée fantasque / Menuet pompeuxEmmanuel Chabrier; Orchestre du Capitole de Toulouse, Michel Plasson1
1988Gaîté Parisienne / Faust / España / MignonOffenbach, Gounod, Chabrier, Thomas; Boston Symphony Orchestra, Seiji Ozawa1
1989Chabrier / de Falla / DebussyAlexis Emmanuel Chabrier, Manuel de Falla, Claude Debussy1
1989Leonoren-Overture Nr. 3 / Schwanensee / Bolero / Daphnis und Chloé / EspañaBeethoven, Tchaikovsky, Chabrier, Ravel; The Philadelphia Orchestra, Riccardo Muti1
1990Dukas: La Péri / L'Apprenti sorcier / Chabrier: Suite pastorale / EspañaDukas, Chabrier; Ulster Orchestra, Yan Pascal Tortelier1
1991Piano WorksChabrier; Robert Casadesus, Gaby Casadesus, Jean Casadesus1
1992Francis Poulenc Plays Poulenc & SatiePoulenc, Satie, Chabrier; Francis Poulenc, Pierre Bernac1
1992Le Roi malgré luiChabrier; Hendricks, Garcisanz, Quilico, Jeffes, Lafont, Chœurs & Nouvel orchestre philharmonique de Radio France, Charles Dutoit1
1993Œuvres orchestrales et vocalesEmmanuel Chabrier; Michel Plasson1
1993Œuvres pour pianoEmmanuel Chabrier; Alain Planès1
1994Complete Piano MusicChabrier; Rena Kyriakou1
1994EspañaChabrier ; Orchestre National de France, Armin Jordan1
1996España / Suite Pastorale / Habanera / Marche Français / Fête PolonaiseChabrier; Wiener Philharmoniker, Sir John Eliot Gardiner2
1998Chabrier : L’œuvre pour piano, vol.1Emmanuel Chabrier; Alexandre Tharaud1
1998French SongsFauré, Hahn, Bizet, Chabrier; Rachel Yakar, Claude Lavoix1
1999España / Fête polonaise / Joyeuse marcheEmmanuel Chabrier; Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte‐Carlo, Hervé Niquet1
2002Musique adorable!Emmanuel Chabrier; Felicity Lott, Geraldine McGreevy, William Burden, Toby Spence, Stephen Varcoe, Graham Johnson1
2005Philharmonia Promenade ConcertJ. Strauss, Chabrier, Suppé, Offenbach; Philharmonia Orchestra, Herbert von Karajan2
2006Piano MusicEmmanuel Chabrier; Angela Hewitt2
2006BBC Legends: MonteuxWeber, Ravel, Pijper, Elgar, Chabrier; London Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony Orchestra, Pierre Monteux1
2006L’ÉtoileChabrier; Colette Alliot-Lugaz, Georges Gautier, Gabriel Bacquier, François Le Roux, Chorus and Orchestra of the Opéra de Lyon, John Eliot Gardiner1
2010Pièces pour pianoEmmanuel Chabrier; Emmanuel Strosser1
2012Magicien OrchestrateurCharles Koechlin; Debussy; Fauré; Schubert; Chabrier; Heinz Holliger, Radio‐Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart des SWR1
2013Neeme Järvi conducts ChabrierEmmanuel Chabrier; Orchestre de la Suisse Romande, Neeme Järvi1
Carmen Suite no. 1 / España / Polovtsian DancesGeorges Bizet, Emmanuel Chabrier, Alexander Borodin; Philip Vernal,Vienna Festival Orchestra2
L'Œuvre pour pianoChabrier; Pierre Barbizet1
Music of FranceRavel, Poulenc, Fauré, Chabrier, Debussy; Arthur Rubinstein1
Ravel: Bolero & Works By Chabrier, Dukas, BerliozRavel, Chabrier, Dukas, Berlioz; Hallé Orchestra, James Loughran1

Album + Compilation

1988Bolero: Spanische ImpressionenRavel, Chabrier, Rimsky-Korsakov, de Falla3
1991Carmen & L'Arlesienne Suites / Capriccio espagnol / L'apprenti sorcier / EspañaBizet, Rimsky-Korsakov, Dukas, Chabrier1
1991Paray Conducts Chabrier & RousselEmmanuel Chabrier, Albert Roussel; Paul Paray, Detroit Symphony Orchestra2
1993The Royal Edition, Volume 75: Chabrier: España / Falla: El sombrero de tres picos / La vida breve / El amor brujoChabrier, Falla; New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein, Marilyn Horne1
1994Bizet: Carmen Suite / L'Arlésienne Suite / Jeux d'enfants / Offenbach: Gaîté Parisienne / Dukas: L'Apprenti Sorcier / Chabrier / Saint-SaënsBizet, Offenbach, Dukas, Chabrier, Saint‐Saëns; Munch, Martinon, Ansermet, Solti1
1997Boléro and other Spanish FavouritesChabrier, Falla, Massenet, Rimsky-Korsakov1
1998Famous RhapsodiesLiszt, Enescu, Chabrier, Alfvén; Philadelphia Orchestra, Eugene Ormandy, New York Philharmonic, Leonard Bernstein1
1999Fauré / Chabrier / Satie / RavelFauré, Chabrier, Satie, Ravel; Naida Cole1
1999Tchaikovsky: Symphony 6 "Pathétique" / Romeo and Juliet / Chabrier: EspañaTchaikovsky, Chabrier; Wiener Philharmoniker, Herbert von Karajan2
2002Music to Remember: Chabrier, Mozart, Delius, Debussy, Saint-Saëns, Berlioz, MassanetChabrier, Mozart, Delius, Debussy, Saint‐Saëns, Berlioz, Massenet; Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham1
2005The Founding YearsMozart, Chabrier, Sibelius, Handel; London Philharmonic Orchestra, Sir Thomas Beecham2
2011French MusicBerlioz, Bizet, Delibes, Debussy, Fauré, Saint‐Saëns, Massenet, Gounod, Chabrier; Sir Thomas Beecham1
Debussy: Prélude à l'après-midi d'un faune / Ravel: Boléro / Dukas: L'Apprenti Sorcier / Chabrier: EspañaClaude Debussy, Maurice Ravel, Paul Dukas, Emmanuel Chabrier; Wiener Symphoniker, Edouard van Remoortel1

Album + Live

1998L'Œuvre pour piano: Pièces pittoresques / EspañaChabrier; Alexandre Tharaud1


1946Suite no. 2, Ballet Gayne / Castalon Overture / EspanaKhachaturian, Massenet, Chabrier; NBC Symphony Orchestra, Los Angeles Symphony Orchestra1

EP + Compilation

Lollipops no. 1Sibelius, Berlioz, Chabrier; Sir Thomas Beecham, Bart., C.H., Royal Philharmonic Orchestra1

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