Josquin des Prez

~ Person


Josquin des Prez (French: [ʒɔskɛ̃ depʁe]; c. 1450/1455 – 27 August 1521), often referred to simply as Josquin, was a French composer of the Renaissance. He was the most famous European composer between Guillaume Dufay and Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, and is usually considered to be the central figure of the Franco-Flemish School. Josquin is widely considered the first master of the high Renaissance style of polyphonic vocal music that was emerging during his lifetime.

During the 16th century, Josquin acquired the reputation of the greatest composer of the age, his mastery of technique and expression universally imitated and admired. Writers as diverse as Baldassare Castiglione and Martin Luther wrote about his reputation and fame, with Luther declaring that "he is the master of the notes. They must do as he wills; as for the other composers, they have to do as the notes will." Theorists such as Heinrich Glarean and Gioseffo Zarlino held his style as that best representing perfection. Many anonymous compositions were attributed to him by copyists, probably to increase their sales. More than 370 works are attributed to him; it was only after the advent of modern analytical scholarship that some of these attributions were challenged and revealed as mistaken, on the basis of stylistic features and manuscript evidence. In spite of Josquin's renown, which endured until the beginning of the Baroque era and was revived in the 20th century, his biography is shadowy, and almost nothing is known about his personality. The only surviving work which may be in his own hand is a graffito on the wall of the Sistine Chapel, and only one contemporary mention of his character is known.

Josquin wrote both sacred and secular music, and in all of the significant vocal forms of the time, including masses, motets, chansons and frottole. During the 16th century, he was praised for his melodic gift and his use of technical devices. In modern times, scholars have attempted to ascertain the basic details of his biography, and have tried to define the key characteristics of his style to correct misattributions. This has proven difficult, as Josquin sometimes wrote in an austere style devoid of ornamentation, and at other times he produced music requiring considerable virtuosity. Heinrich Glarean wrote in 1547 that Josquin was not only a "magnificent virtuoso" (the Latin can be translated also as "show-off") but capable of being a "mocker", using satire effectively. While the focus of scholarship in recent years has been to remove music from the "Josquin canon" (including some of his most famous pieces) and to reattribute it to his contemporaries, the remaining music represents some of the most famous and enduring of the Renaissance.

Continue reading at Wikipedia... Wikipedia content provided under the terms of the Creative Commons BY-SA license



Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1986 De la Rue: Requiem / Des Prez: Mass "Hercules Dux Ferrariae" / Deploration Pierre de la Rue, Josquin des Prez; New London Chamber Choir, James Wood 3
1986 Missa Pange Lingua Josquin des Prez; Ensemble Organum, Clement Janequin Ensemble 1 2
1986 Missa Pange lingua / Missa La sol fa re mi / Plainchant: Pange lingua Josquin; The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips 2
1988 Adieu, mes amours - Chansons Ensemble Clément Janequin; Josquin Desprez 2
1988 Messe "Pange lingua" (Ensemble Métamorphoses de Paris feat. conductor: Maurice Bourbon) Josquin des Prez 1
1989 Stabat Mater / Motets Josquin Desprez; La Chapelle Royale, Philippe Herreweghe 1
1989 L'homme armé Masses Josquin des Prez; The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips 2
1990 Missa Hercules Dux Ferrariae - Miserere mei Deus - Pater noster - Tu solus qui facis mirabilia Josquin des Prez; The Hilliard Ensemble 1
1992 Missa Pange lingua Josquin des Prez; Westminster Cathedral Choir, James O’Donnell 2
1993 Messe Ave Maris Stella - A Sei Voci Josquin des Prez 1
1996 Josquin: Motets & Chansons (The Hilliard Ensemble) Josquin des Prez 5 1
1997 Motets / Masses Desprez, Palestrina; Collegium Musicum Aldovadensis, Gottfried Preinfalk 1
1997 Missa Hercules Dux Ferrariae (A Sei Voci, Maîtrise Notre-Dame de Paris, Les Saqueboutiers de Toulouse, Ensemble Labyrinthes feat. conductor: Bernard Fabre-Garrus) Josquin des Prez 1
1998 Missa L'homme armé Josquin; Oxford Camerata, Jeremy Summerly 1
1999 Motets by Victoria and Josquin des Prez Victoria, Josquin des Prez; Schola Cantorum Copenhagen, Bernhard Lewkovitch 1
2000 Missa Pange Lingua / Motets Josquin des Prez; A Sei Voci, Bernard Fabre-Garrus 1
2000 Motets Josquin des Prez; Orlando Consort 1
2000 Missa "l'homme armé sexti toni" / Chansons Josquin des Prez; Ensemble Obsidienne, Emmanuel Bonnardot 1
2001 Josquin Desprez, Volume 6 : Messes de l'Homme Armé Josquin Desprez; A Sei Voci, Bernard Fabre-Garrus, Maîtrise des Pays de la Loire 1
2002 Missa Malheur me bat, Motets & Chansons Josquin des Prez; The Clerks’ Group, Edward Wickham 1
2008 Missa Sine nomine / Missa Ad fugam Josquin des Prez; The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips 4 2
2009 Masses: Malheur Me Bat, Fortuna Desperata (The Tallis Scholars) Josquin des Prez 1
2011 Les fantaisies de Josquin: The Instrumental Music of Josquin Desprez Josquin Desprez; Ensemble Leones, Marc Lewon 1
2011 Masses: De beata virgine / Ave maris stella Josquin; The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips 1
2013 Se congie prens Josquin des Prez 1
2017 Secret History Josquin des Prez, Tomás Luis de Victoria; John Potter 1

Album + Compilation

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1998 Ockeghem: Missa L'Homme armé / Ave Maria / Alma Redomptoris Mater / Josquin: Memor esto verbi tuo Ockeghem, Josquin; Oxford Camerata, Jeremy Summerly 4 1
2004 Missa Hercules Dux Ferrariae / Motets Josquin des Prez; The Hilliard Ensemble 5 1
2005 Leonardo - Léonard de Vinci & la musique Guillaume Dufay, Heinrich Isaac, Josquin des Prez, Bartolomeo Tromboncino, Andrea Antico, Francesco Patavino, Clément Janequin, Claudin de Sermisy 1
2006 The Tallis Scholars Sing Josquin Josquin des Prez 1
2009 Missa Hercules Dux Ferrariae. Motets Josquin; The Hilliard Ensemble 1

Unspecified type

Year Title Artist RatingReleases
1994 Messe Ave Maris Stella & Motets à la Vierge Josquin des Prez; A Sei Voci 1
1997 Missa Gaudeamus Josquin des Prez 1
2007 The Essential Josquin des Prez Josquin des Prez 1
Missa "Ave maris stella"; Motets & Chansons Josquin des Prez;The Taverner Choir, Consort & Players,Andrew Parrott 1

Showing official release groups by this artist. Show all release groups instead, or show various artists release groups.